Reactor 2: Resistance Control Mode
What is Resistance Control Mode?
Also referred to as "Resistance Mode", Resistance Control Mode (RCM) is Graco's new, patent pending, heated hose temperature control technology. RCM allows you to have full temperature control of your Graco heated hoses without depending on the hose RTD cables and FTS for temperature monitoring and control. RCM can be used on all standard Reactor 2 machines with software 4.01.001 or newer installed. (Resistance mode will not work with Gen 1 or Gen 2 E-30i, or E-XP2i machines).
RCM uses the electrical resistance of hose’s heating element to monitor hose temperature. The electrical resistance will change as temperature changes, the Reactor will monitor how the resistance of the hose is changing and then calculate the actual temperature. Resistance mode should only be used with genuine Graco hoses.
Benefits of RCM
- Less Downtime. Broken RTD cables and fluid temperature sensors are no longer an issue. No time needed to do repairs.
- Less Repair Costs. Buying parts to repair broken RTD cables and FTS sensors is eliminated. No labor costs required to perform these hose repairs.
- Improved Yield. Optimize your material yield with consistent and accurate hose temperature control. RCM provides more consistent heating, eliminating hot and cold spots of material within the hose. In addition, if your hose is running in "Amp Mode" or "Manual Hose Heat Mode" your material temperature is not being accurately controlled, therefore you are sacrificing material yield.
- Increased Productivity. Less down time due to troubleshooting hose alarms. Increased performance by spraying with a hose providing consistent and accurate temperature control.
How to Get RCM Software
All Reactor 2 machines shipping from Graco after September 1, 2019 will have the latest software installed. This software includes "resistance control mode".
To upgrade your Reactor 2 software on existing machines, work with your local Graco authorized distributor to coordinate having your software updated.
How to Use RCM
- Update your Reactor software to the latest version 4.01.001 or newer if your Reactor does not already have this software
- Enter Setup Mode on the ADM and navigate to the System Screen 3
- Select "Resistance" from the drop down menu
- Upon initial installation, follow calibration procedure
Video: Resistance Control Mode Set-up and Calibration
The most important detail is the calibration should be done when the entire system (Reactor and hoses) are at the same ambient condition. The optimal time is first thing in the morning before the primary heaters or hose heat has been turned on. With a functioning FTS, a calibration may be performed after waiting 5 minutes from when a Reactor was last used. Without a functioning FTS, a calibration should only be done when the entire system is at ambient condition.
- Make sure hose and Reactor are at ambient temperature
- Press "Calibrate" soft-key
- Wait 2-10 seconds while the system measures the hose wire resistance
- Once the hose resistance is measured, a temperature will be displayed. If the temperature looks accurate, accept the hose calibration. If not, cancel and repeat calibration.
Once calibration is complete, return to the run screens of the ADM. Set hose temperature as normal. When the Reactor is in "resistance control mode" you will see a resistor icon under the hose icon on the ADM and on your Reactor App
Because the hose temperature is now being calculated by measuring the resistance over the entire length of hoses vs. measuring temperature at the one location (at the FTS) it is normal that you may need to slightly adjust the hose temperature setting a few degrees from the normal set-point to achieve optimal spray results.
When using resistance mode, a reminder will appear when the Reactor is powered on in order to remind end user to recalibrate if a hose section has been removed, added or replaced. Simply press the "Continue" key to acknowledge.
What is Hose Calibration and why is it Important?
NOTE: A saved calibration factor is required before using RCM.
In order to use "resistance control mode", an initial calibration must be performed. The calibration process measures the hose resistance and the ambient temperature and then saves these values as a "calibration factor" for the Reactor.
To calculate a calibration factor, the Reactor will correlate the measured resistance at the time of calibration to the temperature at the time of calibration. The temperature can be sensed from one of three locations: 1. the hose FTS if it is connected and properly functioning, 2. the A primary heater temperature, or 3. the B primary heater temperature.
Having a properly saved calibration factor allows the Reactor to accurately control the temperature based on the change in electrical resistance of the heating element. Once the machine has an accurately saved calibration factor and the hose control mode has been switch to RCM, the system is no longer dependent on the hose RTD cables and the FTS to monitor and control the hose temperature (the RTD cables and FTS should remain installed to provide static ground protection.)
Calibration only required at time of initial setup, and will take only a few seconds to perform.
Re-calibrating is only required when:
- a section of hose has been replaced
- a section of hose has been added
- a section of hose has been removed
- over time, hose temperature does not seem to be controlling accurately
Initial Setup of Reactors
- The factory setting for hose control will remain the traditional FTS control mode. RCM will not be the new factory setting because before using RCM a calibration must first be performed.
- Once the calibration is complete, Graco encourages customers and distributors to make RCM the standard operating mode for the Reactor 2 machines using genuine Graco heated hoses.
- Even if FTS control mode is preferred. we would like to recommend getting into the habit of automatically calibrating the Reactor at time of set-up and installation, before first use of their new Reactor 2.
- If an initial calibration is performed and saved at the time of initial machine installation, then the customer can use the traditional FTS hose control mode and switch at any time to RCM. This may be beneficial if the user was spraying using FTS mode and experiences an issue. They would then be able to immediately to switch to RCM since the calibration factor was already saved. If the calibration had not been previously completed, the calibration should not be done for several hours to allow enough time for the primary heaters and hose to equalize to an ambient temperature.
RCM vs. FTS Temperature Control vs. Manual Hose Heat Mode
- Resistance Control Mode: Monitors hose temperature over the entire length of hose by measuring the total hose resistance. Minimized hot and cold spots associated with typical hose condition like hoses coiled on hose rack, missing hose insulation, varying ambient conditions, etc. Not dependent on properly functioning RTD cables or an FTS to monitor hose temperature.
- FTS Control Mode: Measures temperature at one location, the location of the FTS. Hose temperature control can be significantly affected by several factors: the quality of the hose insulation (or lack of hose insulation) at the section of hose where the FTS is located and the ambient temperature at the FTS location (on frozen ground, on a hot roof, etc.). Both of these factors can significantly affect the FTS and the chemical temperature throughout the hose, causing hot and cold sections of material in the hose.
- Manual Hose Heat Mode: No temperature control or temperature monitoring. Available electrical power used to provide hose heat is significantly reduced. Allows hose to heat at a reduced capacity to provide the ability to finish a job. Hoses should not be run long term using manual hose heat mode. Hose temperature cannot be controlled to a specific temperature and cannot turn hose heat on/off. Hoses will continue to heat even if chemical temperature surpasses desired value. Hoses will take longer to heat up due to reduced amperage used for heating. Material yield will be sacrificed due to inability to control to an optimal material temperature. Do not use Manual Hose Mode for extended periods of time. The system performs best when the hose is either in temperature control mode or resistance control mode.
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